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PAKISTAN.

PAKISTAN.

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1 DEVJI, FAISAL. Muslim Zion: Pakistan As A Political Idea.
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London England: 2013. h Hardcover with dustjacket. Brand new book. 
Pakistan, founded less than a decade after a homeland for India's Muslims was proposed, is both the embodiment of national ambitions fulfllled and, in the eyes of many observers, a failed state. Muslim Zion cuts to the core of the geopolitical paradoxes entangling Pakistan to argue that Indiia's rival has never been a nation-state in the conventional sense. Revealing how Pakistan's troubled present continues to be shaped by its past, Muslim Zion is a penetrating critique of what comes of founding a country on an unresolved desire both to join and to reject the world of modern nation-states. 
Price: 20.85 USD
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2 LODHI, MALEEHA (EDITOR). Pakistan: Beyond The " Crisis State ".
Columbia University Press, New York: 2011. h Hardcover with dustjacket. Brand new book. 
Bringing together an extraordinary array of experts, including renowned Pakistani journalist Ahmed Rashid, Pakistani American sociologist and historian Ayesha Jalal, and Zahid Hussain, author of several books on Islamic militancy in Pakistan, Pakistan: Beyond the "Crisis State" takes unique stock of the Islamic republic's fundamental strengths and weaknesses. Presenting a picture of the nation as understood by its people, this anthology assesses the political, economic, social, and foreign policies of an embattled government and its institutional challenges. Ambassador Akbar Ahmed, chair of Islamic studies at American University, and Munir Akram, Pakistan's former ambassador to the United Nations, provide critical perspectives on Pakistan's future. Additional essays capture the complex interplay between domestic and external pressures, such as the variety of powers that continue to manipulate the country's behavior and outcomes. The contributors gathered here ultimately conclude that Pakistan is capable of transitioning into a stable modern Muslim state, though bold reforms are necessary. Offering a detailed and balanced agenda for such reform, Pakistan takes a bold step in reeling the country back from the brink of crisis. Maleeha Lodhi has twice served as Pakistan's ambassador to the United States and as ambassador to the United Kingdom. Formerly an editor of two of Pakistan's leading daily newspapers, The News and The Muslim, she has served on the United Nations Secretary General's advisory board on disarmament, taught at the London School of Economics, and has been a fellow at Harvard University and at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. In 1994, Time named her one of a hundred individuals who will help define the twenty-first century. "Pakistan is an excellent book, one that brings out some very important points about the surprising stability of the country beneath the alarmism of the daily headlines, forming a useful antidote to the general perception about Pakistan in the West." — Anatol Lieven, King's College, London "Written by the country's top intellectuals, this book provides extraordinary insight into today's Pakistan." — Mohammed Yaqub, former governor, State Bank of Pakistan "This timely study looks beyond the headlines of terrorism and natural disaster that dominate western perceptions of Pakistan. The contributors argue that contemporary security challenges and longer term demographic pressures and energy shortages can be overcome if Pakistan possesses the political will to undergo wide-ranging institutional, educational, and structural economic reform. The themes of governance and the interconnectedness of domestic politics and international relations run throughout the volume. Historical analysis and policy prescriptions of a high order are combined in a text that should be required reading for those not only concerned with contemporary South Asia but also global security concerns." — Ian Talbot, author, Pakistan: A Modern History "Far removed from the reductive and excessively alarmist rhetoric pervading foreign policy discourse, Pakistan: Beyond the "Crisis State" offers a sober and comprehensive appraisal of the problems plaguing the Islamic republic. What sets this book apart from others on Pakistan is its detailed account of the country's intractable crises, accompanied by lucid, compelling, and empirically supported policy recommendations that, in a time of tremendous uncertainty, may illuminate a pathway to hope." — Malou Innocent, Cato Institute "A compelling book that examines Pakistan's challenges and offers a way out." — Najam Sethi, editor in chief, Pakistan's Friday Times "This collection of essays edited by Maleeha Lodhi, a former Pakistani ambassador to Britain and America, is timely and different: a look at Pakistan by seasoned, hard-nosed Pakistanis who know the troubled nation from the inside, toil to set it right" — The Economist 
Price: 23.70 USD
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3 SHA, AQIL. The Army And Democracy: Military Politics In Pakistan.
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts and London England: 2014. h Hardcover with dustjacket. Brand new book. 
Since Pakistan gained independence in 1947, only once has an elected government completed its tenure and peacefully transferred power to another elected government. In sharp contrast to neighboring India, the Muslim nation has been ruled by its military for over three decades. Even when they were not directly in control of the government, the armed forces maintained a firm grip on national politics. How the military became Pakistan's foremost power elite and what its unchecked authority means for the future of this nuclear-armed nation are among the crucial questions Aqil Shah takes up in The Army and Democracy. Pakistan's and India's armies inherited their organization, training, and doctrines from their British predecessor, along with an ethic that regarded politics as outside the military domain. But Pakistan's weak national solidarity, exacerbated by a mentality that saw war with India looming around every corner, empowered the military to take national security and ultimately government into its own hands. As the military's habit of disrupting the natural course of politics gained strength over time, it arrested the development of democratic institutions. Based on archival materials, internal military documents, and over 100 interviews with politicians, civil servants, and Pakistani officers, including four service chiefs and three heads of the clandestine Inter-Services Intelligence, The Army and Democracy provides insight into the military's contentious relationship with Pakistan's civilian government. Shah identifies steps for reforming Pakistan's armed forces and reducing its interference in politics, and sees lessons for fragile democracies striving to bring the military under civilian control. Aqil Shah is Lecturer in the Department of Politics at Princeton University. "[An] important new book… The military has hitherto escaped accountability because, as Aqil Shah explains in The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan, it has always resisted democratic control. Shah traces its praetorian instincts to the seminal conflict over Kashmir, which set the tenor of the relations between military and civilian institutions… Shah is rightly scathing of the military's role in politics."—Muhammad Idrees Ahmad, The Nation "[An] important book."—Ahmed Rashid, The New York Review of Books "[This] rich and skillfully argued book leaves no doubt about the military's central responsibility in blighting the course of Pakistan's democratization. While some may see [Shah's] approach as too forgiving of Pakistan's politicians, his is a fresh and original perspective that demands serious consideration."—Farzana Shaikh, Times Higher Education "[Shah's] chronicle charts the army's rise on the heels of its British forerunner, which treated politics as beyond its scope. In contrast, exploiting the young state's weak solidarity, the Pakistan Army steered public policy, buoyed by pride that persists… Shah is commendably balanced and thorough. His narrative taps archive material, military documents, and more than 100 interviews with Pakistani officers, politicians and civil servants: political science indeed. The Army and Democracy successfully conveys the Borgia-like high drama of traditional Islamabad politics."—David Wilson, The South China Morning Post "This book is a focused and timely analysis of what has gone badly wrong in Pakistan, and what could be done to correct the situation. It will hopefully inspire Pakistanis who care for their country—both inside and outside the armed forces—to reform their political order; otherwise extremist Islam will destroy their polity and convulse the region in violence."—Talmiz Ahmad, Business Standard "There would not be a better time to read Professor Shah's wonderfully nuanced, well-referenced and yet fast-paced book than after the recent almost two-month-long 'civil-military coalition' attempt to impose its will on an elected PM and parliament… Shah has excelled in showing that, since the fateful invasion of Kashmir in October 1947, the military has become increasingly politicized and distant, unlike the Indian army, from the professional apolitical ethos both had inherited from the British army… Shah gives a series of very timely policy prescriptions to balance the civil-military equation in favor of the former, making his work urgent reading for Pakistan watchers and Pakistani politicians alike."—Mohammad Taqi, The Daily Times "With a clarity and directness that is refreshing, The Army and Democracy attributes Pakistan's lack of democratization to the military's formal and informal political interventions, further suggesting that this has, on the balance, greatly impacted the state's ability to effectively resolve the perennial problems of ethnic conflict, governance, and growth that have blighted Pakistan's history… The Army and Democracy is arguably at its most interesting and informative when it details the socialization process that takes place within the military. Through his analysis of the military's publications and training materials, as well as his interviews with military personnel, Shah provides a rare insight into the internal workings of the military mind… The Army and Democracy is an extremely accessible read that will undoubtedly be of great value to experts in the field as well as a more general audience."—Hassan Javid, Dawn "Based on archival material and more than 100 interviews with politicians, civil servants and military officers, including four services chiefs and three heads of the Inter-Services Intelligence, and assessment of military writings, Shah's book provides deep insight into the military mind… The Army and Democracy is a treasure trove of information on civil-military relations in Pakistan. It is also a lesson on what the country needs the most at this critical juncture—a politics of inclusion by all stakeholders, rather than exclusion."—Shahabuddin Gilani, The Express Tribune "The book makes for fine analysis but is a pessimistic read. The Pakistan army's attitudes towards elected leaders, India, and citizens of Pakistan has not changed since it indulged in the first coup there. These assumptions go back almost to the start of the country's independent life and have not changed since. Shah's book, which was researched in recent years, is one more example that little has changed at the general headquarters in Rawalpindi."—Gayatri Chandrasekaran, Mint "An excellent addition to the existing literature on the conflation of civil and military roles in the politics of Pakistan. The book uncovers many myths about the army and informs us about the strategic, political and social ramifications of the khaki adventures since the incursion in Kashmir in 1948 which sowed the seeds of military insubordination. The book is a result of rigorous research and a labor of love… Aqil Shah has authentically mapped Army's institutional development, its professional and political expansion, and taking over of policy and consequently the society… The book…weaves an engaging narrative that fascinatingly tells the unique story of Pakistan's military which has defied global trends of democratic waves… Whenever Pakistan Army decides to produce a new breed and generation of thinking officers, as against the current majority of believing officers, this book will be handy for a non-offensive unlearning."—Arshed Bhatti, The News on Sunday "It not only helps understand the current crisis but also helps us see into the future… Shah shows that the Pakistan Army has always had the final say in running the country, whether they are in power or are running the country from behind the scenes. This serves to demonstrate that Pakistan Army's hold on Pakistan is stronger than ever. This highly readable book is a must-read for everyone who wants to know what went wrong with Pakistan and why… The best book on the subject."—Arif Jamal, thewashingtonbookreview.com "Aside from providing a superb study of Pakistani civil-military relations, Shah makes an important and more general scholarly contribution: he explains why new polities fracture under challenging security environments and identifies the impulses that compel generals to both shift their gaze abroad and intervene in politics."—Zoltan Barany, author of The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas "Shah's book stands tall among the few serious books on Pakistan and its army. Given Pakistan's likely importance for the near future, it will be received warmly by both the policy community and anyone else interested in this critical region."—Stephen P. Cohen, author of Shooting for a Century: The India-Pakistan Conundrum "A remarkable exploration of the role of the Pakistani army in politics since 1947. Shah brilliantly exposes the porousness of, and the connivance between, the nation's civilian and military spheres. He shows that the army was not the sole villain of the play: domestic politicians and American backers have played key roles in making military rule possible."—Christophe Jaffrelot, author of The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience 
Price: 33.25 USD
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4 WOLPERT, STANLEY. Jinnah Of Pakistan.
Oxford University Press, Oxford: 2000. 0195774620 / 9780195774627 Eighth Impresson. s Softcover. Reading copy. 
Mohammed Ali Jinnah was for Pakistan what Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru combined were for modern India - inspirational father and first head of state. Wolpert vividly recounts how the tragic clash of personalities and party platforms that initially pitted Jinnah against Gandhi escalated from a personal rivalry into a conflict of national and international proportions. Includes an Index. 
Price: 112.10 USD
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